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Why a bite of Emmentaler AOP cheese is a bite of raw nature

On an autumn trip to the Emmental, we gained a h̶o̶l̶e̶ whole new perspective on cheese.

It is early morning and the fog still covers the rolling hills of the Emmental valley. Here, in the shadow of the Bernese Alps, this type of weather is considered ideal. It is thanks to these cool temperatures and the moist air that the vegetation thrives.

The proof is in the green meadows full of juicy grass, alpine herbs and colorful flowers. A local cheese maker explains the intricate relationship between nature and humans in an eye-opening way: “The humans among us cannot eat all those natural products. The last time I checked, we are unable to physically digest grass fibers…”

Enter the cows!

Our bovine friends have a complex digestive system, allowing them to turn the grass, herbs and flowers into protein. The result is cow’s milk, which we can enjoy in its purest form - or in the shape of Emmentaler AOP cheese.

We have never looked at cheese from this perspective. But it makes sense: thanks to the cows’ hard work of grazing, chewing and ruminating, we humans are ultimately able to ingest pure nature in the form of dairy products.

Emmentaler Cheese Village

Dedicated dairy farmers who know their cows by name

When we delved into the cheese production at the Emmentaler Cheese Village, a show dairy open to the public, it struck us: the majority of cheese we used to buy in grocery stores is all but natural. From using pasteurized milk or artificial enhancers to large-scale industrial production, a majority of these cheeses are mere bricks of protein.

Emmentaler AOP cheese is the pure opposite. It is handcrafted in small batches using only natural ingredients: raw milk from grass or hay fed cows, fresh water, animal rennet, salt and bacteria cultures.

At the Emmentaler Cheese Village, the cheese makers go as far as heating the milk using wood from local forests – but only for showing how to make cheese hundred years ago.

And an average farmer supplying milk for Emmentaler AOP owns just 26 cows. This means that the farmer knows each cow by name: Bella, Fiona, Bianca…

Age old craftsmanship in the cheese production

There are about 110 cheese dairies commissioned to produce the original Emmentaler AOP cheese. This is rather symbolic for Switzerland, a country of small businesses. In order to assure a consistent quality, they have to adhere to a number of rules.

Milk is heated up in a large container at the Emmental Cheese Village

Coming from the US where “regional” means “within 300 km”, we find it astonishing that all milk for Emmentaler AOP has to be from within a 20 km radius of the dairy. This, in turn, means that emissions are kept to a minimum when it comes to the transportation of the milk.

Have you noticed that each cheese label contains a number printed in black? This tracking number corresponds with the cheese factory where the loaf was produced. So, the next time you hold a piece of Emmentaler AOP, check for this number and look up the dairy online.

Emmentaler AOP Cheese Loaf

About the Emmentaler AOP promise

By now, you may be wondering what “AOP” stands for. It is a seal of quality called “Appellation d'origine protégée”, which means as much as “protected designation of origin.” Just like bubbly has to be from a certain region in France to be called “Champagne”, the original Emmentaler AOP cheese has to be from one of the certified dairies in order to get the label “AOP”.

Any similar looking cheeses you may find in your local grocery shop abroad may be copycats - unless they are specifically labeled as “Emmentaler AOP”.

Some interesting statistics about Emmentaler AOP cheese

  • 17 tons of Emmentaler AOP are produced annually - that’s roughly 160 wheels of cheese.
  • For each wheel of 100 kg, no less than 1200 liters of raw milk are required. That’s equivalent to the day's production of 41 cows.
  • Six percent of the entire Swiss milk production is used for Emmentaler AOP.
  • Emmentaler AOP is a vitamin booster: it contains vitamin A, D, B2, and B12. Also, it is lactose free and contains very little salt.
  • The “mild” variety has aged for four months, “ripe” has aged for 8 months and “fully ripe” has aged for 12 months.

With everything we’ve learned, taking a bite of Emmentaler AOP cheese is like taking a bite of raw nature!

(This post is sponsored by Emmentaler Switzerland.)

Dimitri Burkhard

As the founder, editor and community manager of Newly Swissed, Dimitri owns the strategic vision. He is passionate about storytelling and is a member of the Swiss Travelwriters Club.

Dimitri loves discovering new trends and covers architecture, design, start-ups and tourism.

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